• W
  • W
  • W
  • W

Description of the process

The weaving machine, or loom, interlaces the warp and filling yarns according to a weave pattern to form a fabric structure. 

The yarns system in the lengthwise direction of the fabric is called the warp. It is supplied to the weaving machine on a loom beam. Warp yarns are often called ends. 
The yarns crossing the warp are referred to as weft or filling. On the new loom generation, they are inserted in the fabric by a weft feeder, allowing for a regular unwinding.

Almost any weave pattern can be woven with glass product. The basic patterns are: plain, basket, twill and their derivatives, unidirectional, as well as leno weave for producing meshes.

The weaving process is made up of five basic mechanisms:

  • MECHANISM 1:  The let-off-Motion distributes the warp to the loom
  • MECHANISM 2:  A warp shedding mechanism moves the warp yarn up and down according to the weave pattern.
  • MECHANISM 3:  A filling insertion system introduces the filling between the openings of the warp yarns, carried out by the shedding mechanism. Filling glass products are basically inserted using modern picking systems:  Air jet, Rapier, Projectiles or  Needle (loom for narrow fabrics).
  • MECHANISM 4: A reed moved by the beat-up Motion beats the filling between the warp yarns against the fabric in formation.
  • MECHANISM 5: A fabric take-up regulates the filling density and the fabric is wound onto a tube on the loom or with a separate winding device.

Major Applications include

With this technology, the fiberglass fabrics, are used in various industries due to their strength and durability. Applications include. 

  • Composite Materials: Used in aircraft, automotive, and construction for strong and lightweight components.
  • Aerospace: Making aircraft parts and panels due to their lightweight and strong properties.
  • Automotive: Creating body panels, spoilers, and interior parts for lightweight and corrosion-resistant solutions.
  • Construction: Reinforcing concrete for added strength and crack resistance.
  • Wind Energy: Making durable and efficient wind turbine blades.
  • Sports: Used in equipment like kayaks, snowboards, and skis.
  • Industrial: Insulation, filtration, and thermal barrier applications.
  • Electronics: Creating insulation materials and circuit boards.
  • Marine: Used in boat building for water-resistant hulls and decks.